Prime 12 Largest Nation within the World By Complete Space [2024]

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What’s the largest nation on the planet? The idea of nation dimension holds a captivating attract within the research of geography and worldwide relations. It’s greater than only a determine; it represents a nation’s identification, its environmental variety, and even its geopolitical energy. Nonetheless, figuring out the dimensions of a rustic generally is a advanced endeavor.

Whereas probably the most easy measure is whole land space, this doesn’t all the time account for the full space of a rustic, which incorporates water our bodies like lakes and rivers. This complexity provides layers to our understanding and appreciation of the world’s largest nations, every of which boasts a singular tapestry of landscapes, climates, and cultures. From the frozen expanses of Siberia in Russia to the dense rainforests of Brazil, the variety and distinctive options of those nations are as huge as their territories. On this article, we rank the highest 12 largest nations on the planet based mostly on whole space.

The Prime 12 Largest International locations: Overview

Right here’s a look on the high 12 largest nations on the planet, ranked by their whole land space. This record unveils the immense scales at which these nations exist, spanning numerous continents and encompassing a mess of environments.

# Nation Complete Space (Km²) Complete Space (mi²) Land Space (Km²) Land Space (mi²) % of World Landmass
1 Russia 17,098,242 6,601,665 16,376,870 6,323,142 11.0%
2 Canada 9,984,670 3,855,101 9,093,510 3,511,022 6.1%
3 China 9,706,961 3,747,877 9,388,211 3,624,807 6.3%
4 United States 9,372,610 3,618,783 9,147,420 3,531,837 6.1%
5 Brazil 8,515,767 3,287,955 8,358,140 3,227,095 5.6%
6 Australia 7,692,024 2,969,906 7,682,300 2,966,151 5.2%
7 India 3,287,590 1,269,345 2,973,190 1,147,955 2.0%
8 Argentina 2,780,400 1,073,518 2,736,690 1,056,641 1.8%
9 Kazakhstan 2,724,900 1,052,089 2,699,700 1,042,360 1.8%
10 Algeria 2,381,741 919,595 2,381,740 919,595 1.6%
11 DR Congo 2,344,858 905,354 2,267,050 875,313 1.5%
12 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 830,000 2,149,690 830,000 1.4 %

Prime 12 Largest Nation within the World

1. Russia 


  • Complete Space: 17,098,242 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 144,083,352

Russia is the primary largest nation on the planet and greater than twice as large as Brazil (fifth largest nation). It includes about 10% of the Earth’s land floor, extending throughout two continents, traversing 11 time zones, and sharing borders with 14 nations.

Russia’s huge territory touches the waters of three main oceans — the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic — and boasts roughly 100,000 rivers, alongside Lake Baikal, which holds information because the planet’s oldest and deepest freshwater lake. The nation’s geography showcases a broad spectrum, starting from deserts and mountains to in depth deciduous forests. Nonetheless, a lot of its expanse is dominated by steppes, or huge treeless grasslands, and the taiga, that are dense coniferous forests. Russia’s wild inhabitants embrace the elusive snow leopard, polar bears, arctic foxes, the Siberian tiger, and bighorn sheep, with the Eurasian brown bear serving because the nation’s emblematic animal.

2. Canada


  • Complete Space: 9,984,670 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 39,022,263

Canada, famend for its breathtaking pure vistas and wild expanses, ranks because the second-largest nation on the planet. It’s celebrated for its various terrains, from craggy coastlines and immense forests to majestic mountains and broad prairies. 

Cities equivalent to Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal add to their appeal, providing a melting pot of cultures, a vibrant arts scene, and a excessive way of life. Canada is famous for its strong economic system, dedication to preserving nature, and influential position in worldwide affairs.

Associated Learn: Wealthiest International locations within the World

3. China 


  • Complete Space: 9,706,961 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 1,425,306,922

China holds the excellence of being the biggest nation totally inside Asia, with a complete space of 9,596,960 sq. kilometers. It ranks because the third-largest nation on the planet by whole space and the second-largest nation on the planet by inhabitants dimension with the United Nations estimating its inhabitants to exceed 1.425 billion.

With a historical past that may be traced again to not less than the thirteenth Century BC, China is a nation of nice antiquity. Right this moment, it’s acknowledged as a communist nation, famed for iconic landmarks such because the Nice Wall, the Big Pandas, the ‘floating’ mountains of Zhangjiajie, and the historic Forbidden Metropolis, amongst its many different charming points of interest.

4. U.S.A.

The Grand Canyon, USA

  • Complete Space: 9,372,610 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 341,337,707   

The US ranks because the third-largest nation globally, regardless of its land not being totally related. Amongst its 50 states located on the North American continent, 48 share borders, mendacity between Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. Alaska, constituting one-fifth of the nation’s whole land space, stands aside to the west of Canada and isn’t bodily joined to the opposite states. In the meantime, the small, non-contiguous state of Hawaii is located roughly 2,000 miles (3,200 kilometers) away from the mainland United States within the Pacific Ocean’s expanse.

The vastness of the US and the separation of its states imply the nation encompasses each local weather kind discovered throughout the globe. This contains the tropical climates of Hawaii and Florida, the arid deserts of the Southwest, the polar areas of Alaska, and areas of arctic climate within the Rocky Mountains. The vast majority of the contiguous 48 states expertise both a temperate local weather, characterised by ample rainfall, scorching summers, and gentle winters, or a continental local weather, famous for heat summers and bitterly chilly winters.

5. Brazil 


  • Complete Space: 8,515,767 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 217,315,278   

Brazil, which encompasses over 47% of South America, stands because the continent’s largest nation, bordering each nation besides Ecuador and Chile. It’s organized into 26 states and one federal district, with São Paulo being probably the most populous metropolis. Over the previous century, Brazil has embraced a wealthy cultural tapestry as a consequence of vital immigration, making it the world’s foremost Portuguese-speaking nation. Its progress stems from the profitable break from Portuguese rule in 1822 and the upkeep of its territorial integrity by way of numerous types of governance.

Recognized for its huge seashores, the long-lasting Christ the Redeemer statue, and the full of life metropolis of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil boasts over 7,000 kilometers of tropical shoreline, various city facilities, and a variety of pure environments. Noteworthy websites embrace the Amazon River, Iguaçu Falls, and the Pantanal, the biggest wetland on the planet. The nation is widely known for its contributions to samba music, its ardour for soccer, and the colourful spectacle of Rio’s Carnival.

6. Australia


  • Complete Space: 7,692,024 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 26,630,775

Australia, the only real nation that spans a whole continent in Oceania, stands out for its distinctive place. Its historical past of human habitation dates again round 65,000 years, with European colonization starting within the seventeenth century. It gained independence from British rule in 1901, reworking into a various and multicultural society deeply rooted within the traditions of its Aboriginal populations.

In 1825, the enlargement of New South Wales’ western boundary led to the institution of what at the moment are the states of Western Australia, Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and the Northern Territory, with Victoria changing into a separate entity in 1851. A transfer in the direction of political cohesion noticed the states unite in concern over European encroachments, resulting in the formation of a nationwide protection pressure and railway system. By 1942, the adoption of uniform tax laws additional centralized federal authority, decreasing the states’ independence.

Australia’s states boast distinctive identities, with cities equivalent to Sydney, Melbourne, and Perth offering dynamic cultural scenes. The nation’s huge and various landscapes, together with untouched wilderness, pristine seashores, idyllic islands, and the spectacular Nice Barrier Reef, supply countless alternatives for encountering wildlife and interesting in adventurous tourism actions.

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7. India


  • Complete Space: 3,287,590 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 1,438,268,310

India ranks because the world’s seventh-largest nation and is widely known for its cultural variety, historic richness, and full of life city facilities. The nation is a melting pot of languages, faiths, and customs, positioning it as one of the culturally various nations globally. It boasts a legacy of historical civilization that has produced exceptional architectural feats, together with the Taj Mahal and quite a few historic temples. Presently, India is on a speedy growth trajectory, rising as a key pressure in sectors equivalent to expertise, agriculture, and manufacturing.

8. Argentina


  • Complete Space: 2,780,400 km²
  • Inhabitants: 45,982,530

Argentina is the eighth-largest nation on the planet and spans an space of two,780,400 sq. kilometers. Famend for producing two of the best soccer gamers in historical past, this South American nation ranks eighth in dimension globally. With a inhabitants of roughly 45.75 million individuals, Argentina is a vibrant nation, boasting breathtaking landscapes and a shoreline stretching 4,989 kilometers.

In 1816, Argentina declared its independence from Spain as a part of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, which initially included Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Following the separation from these nations, Argentina emerged because the distinct entity we acknowledge at this time. Past soccer, the nation is widely known for its charming seashores, the majestic Andes mountains, the hanging landscapes of Talampaya Nationwide Park, and its spectacular waterfalls.

9. Kazakhstan


  • Complete Space: 2,724,900 km²
  • Inhabitants: 19,768,986

Kazakhstan stands as probably the most vital and influential nation in Central Asia, straddling Jap Europe and the Caspian Sea whereas bordered by numerous nations, together with Russia and China. Characterised by its low inhabitants density, harsh winter circumstances, and various landscapes that embody deserts, nationwide reserves, and mountain ranges, Kazakhstan is a research in contrasts. Almaty, the nation’s largest metropolis, was the capital till 1997 when it was changed by the newly developed Astana.

Gaining independence from the Soviet Union in late 1991, Kazakhstan has developed right into a culturally various nation, drawing influences from its Russian, Chinese language, and Caspian neighbors. Its wealthy historical past is marked by the domestication of horses by the Kazakhs and notable websites such because the Russian Baikonur Cosmodrome. The nation additionally gained surprising fame by way of comic Borat. Nonetheless, current statements by Russian officers questioning Kazakhstan’s historical past and sovereignty have sparked concern amid the broader backdrop of Russia-Ukraine tensions.

10. Algeria


  • Complete Space: 2,381,740 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 46,098,328

Algeria is the ten largest nation on the planet and covers an space of two,381,740 sq. kilometers. This North African nation gained its independence in 1962 after an eight-year battle with France, ending an extended historical past of international domination that dates again to the third century BC with the Numidians.

As of 2024, Algeria, with a inhabitants of roughly 45.5 million, is widely known for its Mediterranean local weather and expansive Saharan deserts. Amongst its notable pure wonders is Tassili n’Ajjer, famed for its considerable prehistoric rock artwork, which earned it UNESCO World Heritage standing in 1986.

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11. DR Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Complete Space: 2,344,858 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 111,859,928

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), ranked because the eleventh largest nation globally, spans a powerful expanse within the coronary heart of Africa. With a land space encompassing roughly 2,344,858 sq. kilometers (905,354 sq. miles), it’s a nation of huge pure wealth and unparalleled biodiversity. The DRC is residence to the Congo Rainforest, the second-largest tropical rainforest on the planet, an important ecosystem teeming with various wildlife, together with gorillas, elephants, and numerous chook species. 

Past its environmental significance, the DRC is wealthy in mineral sources, together with diamonds, gold, and coltan—a crucial part in fashionable electronics. Regardless of its pure wealth, the DRC faces quite a few challenges, together with political instability, infrastructure deficits, and ongoing humanitarian points. Nonetheless, its cultural variety, with over 200 ethnic teams and as many languages, provides to the nation’s distinctive and vibrant identification on the African continent.

12. Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

  • Complete Space: 2,149,690 Km²
  • Inhabitants: 37,336,911

Saudi Arabia, the twelfth largest nation on the planet, stretches over roughly 2,149,690 sq. kilometers (830,000 sq. miles) of the Arabian Peninsula. Characterised by its huge deserts, together with the Rub’ al Khali (Empty Quarter), the biggest steady sand desert on the planet, Saudi Arabia is a land of utmost geographical contrasts. It additionally boasts lovely coastlines alongside the Pink Sea and the Persian Gulf. Because the birthplace of Islam, it hosts the 2 holiest cities within the Islamic religion, Mecca and Medina, drawing hundreds of thousands of Muslim pilgrims yearly. 

Economically, Saudi Arabia is a worldwide oil big, holding the world’s second-largest confirmed oil reserves, which has propelled it to a big place in worldwide politics and the worldwide economic system. The nation is present process substantial social and financial transformations beneath its Imaginative and prescient 2030 program, aiming to diversify its economic system past oil and develop public service sectors equivalent to well being, schooling, infrastructure, recreation, and tourism. Regardless of its arid local weather, Saudi Arabia’s wealthy cultural heritage and speedy modernization efforts make it a singular mix of historical traditions and modern life.


Understanding the size of the world’s largest nations reveals a fancy interaction of challenges and alternatives. The huge territories of those nations not solely require revolutionary approaches to infrastructure, environmental conservation, and regional growth but in addition supply unparalleled sources and cultural richness. 

This exploration underscores the significance of strategic administration and worldwide cooperation in harnessing the potential of huge nations. Reflecting on the importance of nation sizes deepens our appreciation of worldwide dynamics, emphasizing the necessity for a balanced strategy to growth, sustainability, and cultural preservation. In a world marked by variety and interconnected challenges, the administration and stewardship of those huge lands stand as a testomony to human ingenuity and resilience.

Regularly Requested Questions on Largest Nation within the World

What are some great benefits of having a big land space?

A big land space can present a rustic with in depth pure sources, various climates and ecosystems for agriculture and tourism, and vital geopolitical affect.

How do these nations handle their sources?

Giant nations usually develop refined administration methods that embrace federal and native governance buildings, expertise for useful resource mapping and monitoring, and worldwide cooperation on environmental points.

What position does expertise play in bridging huge distances?

Expertise is essential in connecting distant areas, bettering infrastructure, enhancing useful resource administration, and facilitating financial growth. Improvements in telecommunications, transport, and digital companies are very important for bridging distances and fostering cohesion.

Which nation is the smallest on the planet?

In keeping with data from historical, Vatican Metropolis is the smallest nation on the planet. Located in Rome, Italy, this residence of the Pope covers an space of lower than half a sq. kilometer. Following Vatican Metropolis in dimension is the Principality of Monaco and Nauru, which rank because the second and third smallest nations globally.

How large is Russia in contrast with the U.S.?

The US spans roughly half the geographical space of Russia, making Russia almost twice the dimensions of the U.S. as indicated by

Though Russia encompasses an unlimited territory, it’s residence to merely 2% of the worldwide inhabitants, in distinction, the US holds the place of the third most populous nation on the planet, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.

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